Anchorage is known to have a subalpine climate due to its cool and short summers. The city is located in a very strategic position whereby the Chugach Mountains protect it and warmed by the currents of the Pacific Ocean. Due to this reason, the city is warmer compared with the interior part of the state during winter, less windy that the southwest part and also drier that the southeast region of the state. Therefore, the city has an estimated daytime summer temperature ranging between 55 and 78 degrees Fahrenheit and a daytime winter temperature ranging between 5 and 30 degrees.
Summer season in Anchorage
Although there is relatively little rain during the summer months, July is known to be the warmest month with low temperatures of 55 degrees Fahrenheit and high temperatures of 66 degrees Fahrenheit. On June 25, 1953, the city encountered the hottest reading of 92 degrees Fahrenheit. On top of that, at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, the average annual precipitation is 16.07 inches or 408mm.
January is the coldest month of the year, and at the airport, the low and high temperatures are 9 degrees Fahrenheit and 22 degrees Fahrenheit respectively. Besides, the average winter snowfall is about 179.3 centimeters. As for now, the snowiest winter on record in Anchorage was experienced in the 1954 and 1955 winter season and was at 337.3 cm. In February the town also recorded the coldest temperature of 38 degrees Fahrenheit which has been registered at Merrill Field weather station.
The city has experienced active volcanoes and the most recent occurred in August 1992 at Mount Spurr located 78 miles west of the Anchorage town. This eruption precipitated about 3mm of volcanic ash which led to excessive demands for water in Anchorage. The city is also known to experience very long summer days and very short winter daylight hours. Last but not least, the Anchorage residents suffers less amount of sunlight due to the cloudy days during winter.